Philippians 1:1 (KJV 1900) — 1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops [episkopos (ἐπίσκοπος, 1985)] and deacons [diakonos (διάκονος, 1249)]:
  • episkopos (ἐπίσκοπος, 1985), lit., an overseer” (epi, “over,” skopeo, “to look or watch”), whence Eng. “bishop,” which has precisely the same meaning, is found in Acts 20:28Phil. 1:11 Tim. 3:2Titus 1:71 Pet. 2:25. See overseer. – BISHOP (Overseer)
  • diakonos (διάκονος, 1249), (Eng., “deacon”), primarily denotes a “servant,” whether as doing servile work, or as an attendant rendering free service, without particular reference to its character. The word is probably connected with the verb dioko, “to hasten after, pursue” (perhaps originally said of a runner). “It occurs in the NT of domestic servants, John 2:59; the civil ruler, Rom. 13:4; Christ, Rom. 15:8Gal. 2:17; the followers of Christ in relation to their Lord, John 12:26Eph. 6:21Col. 1:74:7; the followers of Christ in relation to one another, Matt. 20:2623:11Mark 9:3510:43; the servants of Christ in the work of preaching and teaching, 1 Cor. 3:52 Cor. 3:66:411:23Eph. 3:7Col. 1:23251 Thess. 3:21 Tim. 4:6; those who serve in the churches, Rom. 16:1 (used of a woman here only in NT); Phil. 1:11 Tim. 3:812; false apostles, servants of Satan, 2 Cor. 11:15. Once diakonos is used where, apparently, angels are intended, Matt. 22:13; in v. 3, where men are intended, doulos is used.”*