Permission was kindly granted from John Ritchie Ltd – www.ritchiechristianmedia.co.uk to use this section from the Thomas Newberry Bible (Penfold Book & Bible House September 1987) Introduction “VII Divine Titles”
There are treasures of precious truth in the Titles of God and of Christ, which are more or less hidden or obscured in. the Authorized Version. One object of the Englishman’s Bible is to present to the eye of the Reader these various titles as they really exist in the Inspired Originals.
A name or title is expressive of nature and character. Each separate title of God may be regarded as one letter, complete in itself, while all arranged. and combined together, spell out in full the one grand and wondrous Name of the God of the Bible.
The title EL (God, singular) occurs about 250 times.
The first occurrence is in Gen. 14:18,19,20,22. ” Most High -God (EL),
possessor of “heaven” and earth.”
EL signifies ” strong,” ” first,” It is the title which shows God to be the
Mighty One, the First Great Cause of all.
This title is generally connected with some one or more of the Divine attributes or perfections; as—
” Almighty -God.” Gen. 17:1.
” Everlasting -God.” Gen. 21:33.
“A jealous -God.” Exod. 20:5.
“A -God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.” Deut. 32:4.
“A great -God, a mighty and a terrible.” Deut. 10:17.
” The living -God.” Josh. 3:10.
“A merciful -God.” Deut. 4:31.
“A faithful -God.” Deut. 7:9.
“A mighty and terrible -God.” Deut. 7:21, etc., etc.
The persons of the Godhead are three—Father, Son, and Spirit; but in
nature and essence God is one.
Each attribute of God is infinite. One infinite eternal love, one infinite
almighty power, and so on; hence the attributes are connected generally with the
singular name for God, EL.
ELOAH (-God, singular), from AHLAH; to worship, to adore, presents God as the one supreme object of worship, the Adorable One.
It occurs about 56 times.
First, in Deut. xxxii. 15. ” Then he forsook Eloah, which made him; ” again, 5:17, “They sacrificed to devils, not to Eloah.” It is very frequently used in the Book of Job.
ELAH, or ELAHAH אֱלָהּ
The corresponding title to Eloah is in the Chaldee language ELAN (-God, singular), or ELAHAH; emphatic., It is found in the Books of Ezra and Daniel 77 times, and always in the singular when applied to God.
The Chaldee portions of the Scriptures (marked in the margin) occur in Ezra and Daniel, with one verse at Jeremiah 10:11. Thus the record of Israel’s captivity is inwrought in the Sacred Word.
ELOHIM (GOD :plural of Eloah) occurs about 2500 times ; first, in Gen. 1:1. ” In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”
Here it is joined to a verb in. the singular, “God (Elohim, plural) -created,” (singular). Showing Trinity acting in unity.
It also frequently occurs with adjectives, pronouns, and verbs in the plural. Gen. 1:26—”And God said, Let us make (plural) man in our -image” (singular). Gen. 3:22—” as one of us.” Gen. 20:13—” When (plural)God (plural)caused me to wander.” Josh. 24:19—” He is a holy God (plural) ; He is a jealous -God” (singular). See also Isa. 6:8.
The Chaldee form ELAHHAYAH occurs in Jer. 10:11, applied to false gods.
JEHOVAH (The LORD). The title Jehovah occurs about 7600 times, but it is generally rendered ” the LORD,” and only occasionally ” Jehovah,” as Exod. 6:3 ;Ps. 83:18 ; Isa. 12:2; 26:4 ; and in combination, as Gen. 22:14 ; Exod. 17:15 ; Judg. 6:24 ; in all 7 times. 6800 times rendered ” LORD“800 times ” GOD.”
It first occurs, in connection. with Elohim, in Gen. 2:4. “The Lord (plural)God (Jehovah Elohim) made.” And alone, Gen. 4:1,3, etc.
The signification is,—He that always was, that always is, and that ever is to come. We have it thus translated and interpreted in Rev. 1:4. ” From him “which is” (present participle, the Ever-existing One), ” and which was ” (imperfect tense, expressing continuance in the past), ” and the which is to come” (present participle, the Coming One, ever to come).
It is a combination in marvelous perfection of the three periods of existence in one word, the future, the present, and the past.
First, YEHI, “he will be,” long tense. Second, HOVE, “being,” participle. Third, HAHYAH, ” he was,” short tense used in the past.
Taking the first three letters of YEHi, YEH, the middle two letters of hOVe, and the last two letters of hahyAH, AH, we have YEHOVAH, or JEHOVAH, in full; XXXX, YEH-OV-AH.
Also see from Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words:
yehwah (יְהוָֹה, 3068), “Lord.” The Tetragrammaton YHWH appears without its own vowels, and its exact pronunciation is debated (Jehovah, Yehovah, Jahweh, Yahweh). The Hebrew text does insert the vowels for ˒adonay, and Jewish students and scholars read ˒adonay whenever they see the Tetragrammaton. This use of the word occurs 6,828 times. The word appears in every period of biblical Hebrew.
Vine, W. E., Unger, M. F., & White, W., Jr. (1996). Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Vol. 1, p. 140). Nashville, TN: T. Nelson.
I ‘AM THAT I ‘AM. אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה אֶֽהְיֶ֑ה
EWEN ABHER EHYEH. Literally, “I will be that I will be.” Exod. 3:14. But as the so-called future or long tense expresses not simply the future, but also and. especially continuance, the force is, ” I continue to be, and will be, what I continue to be, and will be.”
EHYEH, ” I ‘AM,” literally, “I will be.” Exod 3:14. But in force and meaning, “I that ever will be.”, “the Ever-existing One,” or, ” He that is to come,” or, ” the Coming One.”
JAH or YAH. יָ֥הּ
JAN (the Loan). This title occurs 49 times, and only in the Books of Exodus, Psalms, and Isaiah.
Its first occurrence is in Exod. 15:2 ” The LORD (Jah) is my strength and song.”
It is often associated with the words ” Praise ye ” in the word HALLELUJAH, ” Praise ye Jah.”
This title is expressive of eternal existence. It is the title of God, as inhabiting eternity, to whom past, present, and future are one eternal NOW.
It is composed of the first and last letters of the name JEHOVAH, with the central vowel AH – Jah, or Yah.
It is a sublime title, see Ps. 68:4. ” Extol him that rideth upon the heavens ” (or the void spaces of infinitude) “by his name JAH” (the Eternal One), “and rejoice before Him.” The Infinite and the Eternal God.
The title JAW or YAH is at once one of the sublimest yet simplest of the Divine names. ” The simplest form of speech which infant lips can try,” yet expressive of God’s infinitude. The highest form of heavenly adoration ; ” Alleluiah” praise ye Yah. Rev. 19:1,3,6.
EL SHADDAY. שַׁדַּ֔י אֵ֣ל
EL SHADDAY (God Almighty, or –God. All-Sufficient). –EL, –God, singular; “SHADDAY, plural, either from SHADDTD, almighty, strong, or from SHADDAY, the breasts.
This title combines the singular title EL with the plural title SHADDAY.
It occurs in combination, ” God Almighty,” or, ” the Almighty God,” 7 times,
and alone, ” the Almighty,” 41 times. Chiefly in the Book of Job..
Its first occurrence is in Gen. 17:1. ” I am the Almighty –God.
ADON (“Lord,” singular), Sovereign Lord, Master, Possessor, or Proprietor. Root either from afar, to rule, govern, to judge, or from ADEN, a base.
Occurs about 30 times. First occurrence, Exod. 23:17. ” Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Adon Jehovah.”
ADONAHY (” Lord,” plural), Sovereign Lord, or Master. In this form used
only as a Divine title ; different from ADONAY, plural of ADON. The one is ADONAHY, the other ADONAY.
Occurs about 290 times. First occurrence, Gen. 15:2,8. “And Abraham said, Adonahy Jehovah.”
JEHOVAH-JIREH, יִרְאֶ֑ה יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah will see,” or “provide.” Gen. 22:14.
JEHOVAH-ROPHECA, רֹפְאֶֽךָ יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah that healeth thee.” Exod. 15:26.
JEHOVAH-NISSI, נִסִּֽי יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah my banner.” Exod. 17:15.
JEHOVAH-MEKADDISHKEM, מְקַדִּשְׁכֶֽם יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah that doth sanctify you.” Exod. 31:13. Lev. 20:8; 21:8; 22:9,16,32, Ezek. 20:12.
JEHOVAH-ELOHENU, אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah our God.”
JEHOVAH-ELOHEKA, אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah thy God.”
JEHOVAH-ELOHAY, אֱלֹהֶ֖י יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah my God.”
JEHOVAH-SHALOM, שָׁל֑וֹם יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah send peace.” Judg. 6:24.
JEHOVAH-TSRBAHOTH, צְבָא֖וֹת יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah of hosts.” 1 Sam. 1:3, etc.
JEHOVAH-ROHI, רֹ֝עִ֗י יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah my shepherd.” Ps. 23:1.
JEHOVAH-HELEYN, עֶלְיֽוֹן יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah most high.” Ps. 7:17; 47:2 97:9.
JEHOVAH-TSIDKEENU, צִדְקֵֽנוּ יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah our righteousness.” Jer. 23:6; 33:16.
JEHOVAH-SHAHMMAH, שָֽׁמָּה יְהוָ֥ה “Jehovah is there.” Ezek. 48:35.
WORDS FOR “MAN.
ADAM, Heb. AHDAHM, from AHDAM, to be red, ruddy. Often used collectively. (a man.)
ISH, an individual, man of high degree. Often used collectively. (‘ man.)
ENOSH, frail, mortal man, from AHNASH, incurable, mortal. (man.) ANASHIM, plural of ENOSH, also frequently of Ish (man.)
GEBER, strong man, from GABHAR, to be strong. (man.)
METHIM, p, few in number, or mortal. Only used in, the plural.(men.)
IMPORTANT DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN WORDS.
CONGREGATION, Heb. HEDAH, from YAHAD, to appoint, describes a general congregation, inclusive of all.
ASSEMBLY, Heb. KAHAHL, from WAHAL, to call together; an assembly, local and partial.
TENT, Heb. OHEL
TABERNACLE, Heb. MISHCAN, a dwelling-place, from SHARCAN, to dwell.
” TENT OF THE CONGREGATION,” is the term used by the Holy Ghost, never ” Tabernacle of the Congregation)” as frequently but erroneously rendered.
The term ” TENT OF THE CONGREGATION,” or, Tent of meeting by appointment, or at appointed seasons, Heb. OHEL MOHHED, is connected with the assembling of the people : ” TABERNACLE,” Heb. MISHCAN, is suggestive of the presence of God according to Exod. xxv. 8. ” Let them make me a sanctuary ; that I may dwell among them.”
There are other points of interest and importance, as—
Division into paragraphs retaining the ordinary verses.
Hebrew poetry arranged in parallelisms.
Leading words printed in more prominent type.
Interpretation of important proper names.
Words omitted supplied.
A careful selection of references and parallels and parallel paragraphs.
And other features which will be found of essential service.
Isaiah 12:1–6 (KJV 1900)
1And in that day thou shalt say, O Lord(YHWH), I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, Thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me.
2Behold, God(EL) is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: For the Lord(YAH or JAH) JEHOVAH(YHWH) is my strength and my song; He also is become my salvation. (See Psa 68:4 – JAH)
3Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.
4And in that day shall ye say, Praise the Lord(YHWH), call upon his name, Declare his doings among the people, Make mention that his name is exalted.
5Sing unto the Lord(YHWH); for he hath done excellent things: This is known in all the earth.
6Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: For great is the Holy One of Israel(Once in 2Kings, twice in Jer, 3 times in Psa, 25 times in Isaiah) in the midst of thee.